Art & Architecture + [Pechino (Cina)]

Pechino, Cina: Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China Competition
Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

Namoc will form the centerpiece of a new cultural district in Beijing. Located to the north of the city center in the Olympic Park, the district will be comprised of four museums. Namoc will occupy the most important site facing the central axis of the Olympic Park.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

The primary goal of the competition brief was to create a design that addresses the concept of a 21st century Chinese architecture. We created a design that is uniquely tailored to China and its rich cultural history, evoking historical models without copying them, to create an innovative building unlike anything else in the world.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

Throughout our projects we have been looking for a way to express movement with inert materials like the Greeks did with the horses and soldiers in the Elgin marbles and like the Indian Shiva dancing figures. Our effort to express subtle movement in the façade is what leads us to studying glass. the façade is clad with a new material developed by Gehry Partners – translucent stone.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

Evocative of the most precious Chinese materials, it has the qualities of jade. of all the materials we explored, we found glass to be the most transcendent and symbolic of Chinese landscape paintings, of moving water, of the mountains covered in mist. It gives the building a stately and noble appearance, appropriate for a national museum.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

The building’s entries and interiors have been organized to accommodate an unprecedented number of patrons expected to visit the museum. the building has been designed to efficiently and comfortably accommodate 38,400 visitors per day and approximately 12 million visitors per year, enabling Namoc to have the highest attendance of any museum in the world. Four distributed entries at each corner of the building facilitate the processing of a large number of visitors, and minimize any queuing of visitors.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

Each of the four entries is connected to one of four escalators systems that provide fast and efficient distribution of visitors to all parts of the museums. A ceremonial entrance is placed in the center of the west façade, facing the Olympic Park. the articulation of this entrance evokes the silhouette of a Chinese temple. the building interiors are organized around a series of large public spaces, connected vertically by escalators.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

These spaces are inspired by pagoda and temple forms- rendered as occupiable voids; the shapes are only legible from the inside. the public spaces provide an orienting device for visitors to easily navigate the large museum, and establish a formal continuity between the shapes of the building façade and the interior of the museum.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

In addition to providing access to galleries, the public spaces provide opportunities for large scale art exhibit spaces and events. the museum includes a full complement of supporting functions. An art academy, an art research and conservation institute, five auditoriums, retail stores, restaurants and cafes, and large art storage areas have been incorporated into the design of the museum. Description from Jean Nouvel Ateliers.

Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China
Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China
Jean Nouvel Wins National Art Museum of China

7.8/10 (808)